Japanese translation sheet A-Z!
(No “L”, “Q”, “X” or
Aa = Yes (informal)
Abunai = Dangerous, critical, grave,
Ageru- To give
Ai – Love
Aikawarazu – As usual
Ai Shiteru = I love you (romantic love) “to know love”
Aisatsu – Greeting, salutation
Aiyamaru – Apologize
Akachan – Baby, infant
Akaramete - Give up
Aka(i) – Red
Akirameta – Give up
Amari - Not
very, not much, remainder, rest, remnant
Akemashite - omedetou
- gozaimasu = Happy New Year
Akeru - To open
Aki – Autamn, fall
Amerika = America
Amerikajin =American (person)
Anata = Formal "you", ("beloved, or dearest" if used between a married couple)
Aneki = Sister
Aneue = Older sister
Aniki = Brother
Aniue = Older brother
Anou = Umm…
Anshin = relief,
peace of mind, be at peace, don’t worry
Ara/are = "Huh?”
Are = "That [over there]" (not near either person)
Arigato = Thank you (informal).
Arigato gozaimasu = Thank you very much (formal)
Ashi = Leg, foot
Ashita – Tomorrow
Asobu – To play, to visit
Asoko = [over] There
Atama = head
Atashi = Informal female "I"
Atarashii – New
Ato = later, after
Baai – Case, Situation, “Kono baai ja nai” “This is no time to…”
Bakaga = Impossible
Bakamono = Stupid person
Bakemono = Monster
Bangohan = Dinner
Bastu – Punishment
Bento = Boxed lunch
Betsuni = Nothing, not really, not particularly. (Negative phrase)
Bijin = Beautiful woman/girl
Boku = "I" for male youth
Buji – Safe, alright, at peace
Busaiku/ busai – ugly, plain looking
Buta – pig
Byouki – Sickness, illness
Chan = Suffix for familiar person, It’s a term to address good friends.
Chanto – Perfectly, properly, exactly
Chi = Blood
Chibi = Runt, dwarf, little
Chichi = Father
Chigau = Different, wrong
Chikara = Strength, power
Chikoku – Tardy, tardiness, being late, lateness.
Chikyuu = Earth (planet)
Chisana = Small
Chotto = A little, a short time, a while, a bit
Chotto matte = "Wait a minute!" “Wait a bit” (Matte
Daigaku = College
Daijoubu = All right, O.K., Don’t worry, I'm okay, I'll be all right, etc.
Dakara = So, therefore
Dake – Only, just
Dame = Bad, useless, no good, hopeless,
Damaru = To be still, or silent. Damare! = "Shut up! /Silence!"
Damasu = To trick, to cheat, to deceive.
Dare = Who (“donata” is formal)
– Is used at the end of a sentence in place of desu.
Demo = However, but
Densetsu = Legend, legendary
Deru, dete - To leave
Deshita = "Was/were”
Desu = Is/are/am, the verb “to be”
Denwa bango wa nan desu
ka = What is your telephone number?
Dewa arimasen, ja arimasen = "Isn't/aren't"
Dewa arimasen deshita,
ja arimasen deshita = "Wasn't, weren't"
Doki-doki - A heartbeat
Doko = Where
Domo arigatou gozaimasu
= Thank you (most formal)
Don Don – Closer
Dorobou - Thief
Dou – How, in what way,
Dou itashimashite = Your welcome
Doushite = Why?
Douzo = Feel free, go ahead, please (giving permission)
Douzo yoroshiku = Please treat me favorably (well)
Doyoubi = "Saturday" (the day of Saturn, "Dosei", planet of the soil)
Eeto... = "Um..." or "erm...”
Eigo = English (language)
Erasoni - Bossy
Furo = Bath
Fushigi = Mysterious
Futari - Two people, pair, couple
Futaritomo – Both (people)
Fuyu - Winter
Gaijin = Foreigner
Gaki = Young, immature person.
Gakkou = School
Gakusei = Student
Ganbatte ne, ganbaru = To persist, to insist on, to
stand firm “Do your best!”
Genkai - Limit
Genki = Energy, Health(y), robust, vigor, vitality.
Genki da = “Cheer up!”, “be well”, “take care”, etc.
Genki desu-ka = How are you? Are you doing well?
Getsuyoubi = Monday (the day of the Moon)
_____-go = "_____ language”
Gochisousama! = I'm finished! Thank you for the meal.
Gomen/gomen ne = I’m sorry (informal)
Gomen-nasai = I’m sorry (Formnal)
Guai – Condition, “duai dou desu ka” means, how’s your
Guzuguzu – Slowly, dawdling, Tardily
Ha = Teeth
Hashi – Chopsticks or bridge
Hashiru – To run
Haha = Mother
Hai = Yes (formal)
Hajime = Beginning, start, the first time
Hajimemashite = Nice to meet you (for the first time)
Han, hanbun = half
Hana = Flower, nose
Hanashi = News, account, story
Hanatsu = to free, to release Hanase = "release me!" or "let me go!" (command)
Hanasu = To speak, to talk
Hara – Stomach
Hastukoi - Puppy love, first love.
Hayai = Quick, fast, swift, early. Hayaku
= Early, "hurry up" or "quickly" (command)
Hazukashii – Embarrassed, shy, ashamed
Hebi = Snake, serpent
Heiki – Fine, ok, coolness, calmness, composure,
Hen = Weird or strange
Henshin = Transform, change
Heta – unskillful, poor (of skill)
Hetakuso - Extreme
Hi = Day,
Hidari - Left
Hidoi = severe, mean, cruel, harsh.
Hikari = Light, (glare, gleam, ray)
Himitsu – Secret
Hime(sama) = Princess
Hirugohan = Lunch
Hitotsu – one
Hone - Bone
Honki – Serious
Honmono – Authentic, genuine, “the real thing”
Hontou = Reality, really
Hoshii - Wanted, wished for, in need of, desired
Houhou – Way, method, means
Hito = Man, person
Hitsuji = Sheep
Ichiban = #1, first, the best, favorite, etc.
Ichi nen sei – First year student
Ii = Good
Iie = No
Iikagen – Right “iikagen ni shiro” means “act right/proper”
Ijiwaru – “meanie” (person), Ijiwarui (object)
Ika nakucha - I have to go.
Ikenai = Oh no! Must not do, don’t do it.
Ikiru – To live
Iku, ikuzo, ikimashou, ikou, iki = To go, "let's
go", Shall we go? , let’s go.
Ima = Now
Imi – Meaning
Imouto = younger sister
Inochi = Life.
Inori – Prayer, supplication
Inu = Dog, dogs say “wan wan”
Iranai – I don’t want it, I don’t need it.
Iro iro – Various things
Irrashaimase! = Welcome!
Iru – present, presence “Dare
ka Iru?” (Who is there?)
Istumo = Always, constantly, ever, etc
Itachi = Wease
Itadakimasu = “Let's eat!” (Formal) [A saying before you eat]
Itai = Hurt; pain; painful.
Itsu = When
Itte-kimasu = "I'm taking off!" or "I'm leaving now!”
Isoide- in a hurry, hasten;”hurry up” “with haste”
Jama – Hindrance, in the way.
-Janai/-nai = a suffix, makes a word negative
Ja ne = Cya later
Janken = "Rock, paper, scissors”, the complete phrase is "Janken, Pon!"
Joudan - Joke
Joudan janai ="This is no joke!" or "you've got to be kidding!” etc.
Joudeki – Good performance
Jouhou - Information
Joou-sama – Queen
Jibun = Self, yourself
-jin = "[country] person" Amerika –jin (American
Jikan - Time (Ji – Hour)
Jitsu wa = "Actually..."
Junbi - Preparation, arrangements, provision, reserve
Kaeru – To come back, to return, to go back
Kagami - Mirror
Kage – Shadow
Kaieru – Frog, frogs say “kero kero”
Kaijuu – Monster
Kaimashita/ Kaimono- Shopping
Kakkoii! = "Cool!” handsome
Kami = God, hair, paper
Kanarazu – Diffidently
Kano jo - Girl, or girl friend.
Kangaeru - Thinking,
thought, ideas, intention
Kankei – Relation, connection “kankei
nai” = “Nothing to do with (me)”
Kanpai – “cheers!” (A toast)
Kansei - Complete, completion
Kao - face
Katsu – To win
Kawa - River
Kawaii = Pretty, cute, lovely, charming,
Kawai sou= "How sad", poor thing
Kawaru, kawata – To change
Kawatta - Particular,
Kayoubi = "Tuesday" (the day of Mars, "Kasei", planet of the fire)
Kaze = Wind, “cold” (illness)
Kazoku - Family
Kechi - Cheap, stingy
Kedo = Though, although, but, but still.
Ke-ki = Cake
Kekkou - splendid, nice,
Kibishii - Severe, strict, stern, intense (cold)
Kibou - Hope,
wish, aspiration (strong desire, longing)
Kieru, kieta – To disappear, to vanish
Kiken – Danger
Kikoeru – To hear, to be heard
Kiku = To listen, to ask
Kimeru, kimeta – To decide
Kimi = Standard "you"
Kimochi = Feeling, sensation, mood
Kinyoubi = "Friday" (the day of Venus, "Kinsei", planet of the metal)
Kioku - Memory
Kirei = Pretty, lovely or clean, neat, pure
Kiseki – Miracle
Kitsune = Fox
Kitto = Surely, undoubtedly
Kiosukete = Be careful
Kizu = Wound (physical cut)
Kizuite –To notice
Kochirakoso - It is I who should say so, the pleasure is all mine.
Kodomo = Child
Ko-hi- = Coffee
Koi! = "Come here!” or "Come on!"
Koi – Love, carp
Koibito = Beloved, lover, sweetheart, Dear, wanted, beloved, darling ect.
Koi Shiteru –
I love you (romantic love)
Koitsu – This guy
koko = "Here" (near speaker)
Kokoro = Heart, mind, soul
= Good evening (after 5pm)
Koneko = Kitten
= Hello, good afternoon.
Kore = "This" (near the person speaking)
Kore wa nan desu ka. = "What is this?"
Korosu - to kill
Koshi = Back
Kotaeru/ kotaete = to answer, (answer
Kotoba - Words
Kotowaru/ kotowari- to refuse, to decline
Kougeki - Attack, strike, offensive
Kowai = Scared, scary, fear, afraid, frightening
Kubi = Neck, or fired (from a job)
Kudasai = Please
Kui- “to eat”, “Kuimono”
= food (guys word)
Ku-ki = Cookie
Kuuki- Air, atmosphere
Kun = It is used for under classman by upperclassman, you can also use this with a boy in your own class.
Teachers use it to students, used with boys and girls.
Kurai – Dark, dim, dull
Kuroi - Black
Kuru = To come
Kurushii - Painful, difficult
Kusai - Stench
Kusuri = Medicine
kuyashii - Regrettable,
Kyou = Today
Kyoudai - Siblings
Kyoushi – Teacher, instructor, professor
Kyoumi – Interest, (kyouminai means “not interested”)
Maa maa = so-so, average/ or "Now, now”; a phrase used to placate someone. ;_;
Maboroshi = Illusion
Machigainai = There's no mistake; machigai alone means “mistake”.
Machi-nasai – Wait (formal)
Mada – (not) yet, still
Mahou = Magic
Mae – before, past
Mai – Every
Maigo - Lost
Mainichi = "Everyday"
Majime/maji – Serious, diligent, honest.
Makaseru = To entrust to another, to entrust to, to leave to, to count on.
Makeru = To lose, to be defeated
Mama – At this rate, as it is now
Mamoru = to protect, to guard, to obey
Manga = Japanese comic book
– On time, in time
Masaka = Can it be? It can't be!
Mata – Again
= See you tomorrow
= See you later
Mattaku = It’s a General _expression of annoyance.
Matte! = Wait!
Mazui -Bad, awkward, unwise
Me = Eye
Megumi, megumu – To bless, blessing, grace
Meieri - Order
Meshi – Meals, food. Also
slang for “meal”
Mezurashii – Rare, unusual.
Mimi = Ear
Minna = Everyone
Miru = "To see/watch"
Mitai! = Look!
Mizu = Water
Modoru/ modote – to return, or “return it”
Mochiron = Of course, without a doubt, certainly, naturally
Mokuyoubi = "Thursday" (the day of Jupiter, "Mokusei", planet of the tree)
Mono – Person, … thing, object.
Mori = Forest.
= If, supposing
= Hello, on the phone.
Motto = More
Mou ii = A phrase, means "no more" or "that's enough!"
Moushi-wake (gozaimamen) – Apologies
Mucha – Over do, over work
Muri – Impossible, unreasonable, overdoing it.
Mushi –Insects, bugs
Musume – Daughter
Na, namae = Name
Naisho = Secret (between friends)
Naka = Inside
Naku – To Cry
Nakama – partner, associate, companion
Nakanai = Don't cry
Nandemo – what ever, anything.
Nanimo = Nothing
Nara – If, in that case
Naruhodo = I see
Naze = Extreme “why”
Ne = Right (as in "correct") or “hey!”
Desire, wish, request, prayer, petition
Neko = Cat (A cat says “nyaa nyaa”)
Nemuru, nemu, neru – To sleep
Netsu – Fever, temperature
Nezumi = Mouse, rat
Nichiyoubi = "Sunday" (the day of the Sun)
Nigeru, nigero = To flee, to escape, to run away
Nigi - Right
Nihon = Japan
Nihonjin = "Japanese (person)"
Niku = Meat
Nikuman = Pork buns
Ningen – Human
Ningyou- Doll, puppet, figure
Nioi – Smell
Nisemono – Imposter, fake, false
Nodo = Throat
Nomimono = "Drink(s)”
Nomu = "To drink"
Obasan = Aunt
Obaasan = Grandmother
Oboeru, oboeta, oboetaru = To remember
Ocha = "Green tea"
Ochitsuite- Calm down
Ohayou-gozaimasu = Good morning
Ohisashiburi = It's been a long time or "long time no see"
Oishii = Tasty, Delicious
Ojisan = Uncle, or "mister"
Ojiisan – Grandfather
Ooji-sama = Prince
Okaasan = Mother.
Okage(de) – Backing, assistance, thanks to you, because of, thanks to
Okami (sama) – Hostess, God
Okane - Money
Okashi = Candy, sweets
Okashii –Strange, weird, funny
Okaeri nasai = Welcome home
Okawari = Second helping
Okiru = To get up
Okyakusan = Guest
Omae = (Casual men's "you")
Omedetou- gozaimasu = Congratulations
Omedetou = Congratulations! An auspicious occasion!
or thought, mind, heart, feelings, emotion
Omoidasu – to remember, to recall
Omoshiroi - Interesting, amusing
Onaji – Same identical, equal
Onegai-shimasu = Please, pretty please (formal)
Onee-san = Older sister
Oni - Ogre
Onigiri= Rice ball
Onii-Chan = Older brother
Onna – Woman
Ookami = Wolf
Ore = (Informal men's "I")
Oroka – Foolish
Osoraku - Perhaps
gozaimasu =Happy birthday
Oto – Sound
Otoko = Man
Otousan = Father
Otouto = Younger brother
Ou-sama – king
Owari = "The end", finished, done
Oyabun – Boss
Oyaji = "Old man", as in your dad
= Good night formally
Pan = Bread
Peko-peko – To be very hungry
Pengin = Penguin
Pika-pika – Glittering, sparkling
Rakuen – Paradise
Renshuu – Practice
Ryu = Dragon
Saigo – Last
Sagasu – To search
Sakana = Fish, fish say “paku paku”
Saki - Under mentioned (statement), or following
Sakura = Cherry blossom
Sakusen – strategy, plan
Saitei – The worst, last, scum
Sama = It
is a suffix which is used to address someone of a high status whom you show a lot of respect for. Sama would also be used
toward royalty, as in Van Sama that’s like “lord van” or a butler would say Matthew Sama it
like “Master Matthew”
Samashite- Hang in there! “Me o samashite”
San =Mr. or Mrs. (suf) it is used with a person you don’t really know; or an older person whom you
show respect. When meeting someone new in Japan
it’s important to show respect, so using “san” even if you don’t know them well is good. When
you get to know them better then you could call them “kun” “Chan” of maybe even there
name with out a suffix but you would need permission.
Sasuga – As expected
Sayonara = Good bye, farewell
Sekai - World
Seikai – Correct, right
Seikou - Success
Seiyuu = Voice actor/actress
Sekai - World
Sempai = An older person whom you look up to. (A role model) Senior (at work or school): superior, elder upperclassmen,
predecessor. (Essentially someone who has studied or been there before you)
Sensei = Teacher
Senshi – Soldier, warrior
Shaberu = to talk, to chat, to chatter
Shi – city
Shiawase = happiness, good fortune
Shikari-shite = "hang in there! Or "snap out of it!”
Shikashi = However, but,
Shikata ga nai
= "No help for it," "No way to avoid it," "Nothing left but to deal with it." Shou ga nai is an abbreviated form
Shinjiru, shinji = to believe, to have faith, to trust
shinka – Evolve
Shinpai = Worry, concern
Shinpan = Judgment
Shiroi - white
Shiru – To know, to understand
Shoujo = Little girl, daughter, young lady, virgin
Shounen = Young boy, juvenile
Shuu – State
Soko = "There [near you]"
Sonna = “That can't be!" or "no way!"
Sore = "That [near you]" (near the person being spoken to)
Soro soro = Soon,
Soretomo – Or, or else
Soshite – And
Soto - Outside
Sou desu ne = Yes it is; "sou sou" can mean "oh yeah", and "sou" on its own can also mean, "yes".
Sou nan da is an informal way of saying it. "That's right." or "Let's see...”
Sou ka = Is that so?
Sou ieba =
Remembering a certain fact from memory.
Subarashii = Wonderful, splendid, magnificent
Subete – All, the whole, entirely
Sugi – Over doing it, too much, too.
Sugoi = Terrific, amazing, great, wow, terrible,
Sugoku - Very
Suiyoubi = "Wednesday" (the day of Mercury, "Suisei", planet of the water)
Suki = To like, to love,
to be fond of
– Do whatever you want.
Sukoshi = A bit, few, slight, little, some, small quantity "to a small degree".
Sukui/sukue- Help, assist, aid.
Sumanai – “I’m sorry”, (guy’s word, Informal)
= “Excuse me!” “Excuse me
Suru = To do
Tabemono = "Food(s)"
Taberu = To eat
Tabun = Probably, perhaps
Tadaima = I'm home, I'm back
Tadashii – However, but
Tai – V.S., verses, ageist.
Taihen = Awful, dreadful, terrible,
Taisetsu = Important
Takai = Tall, high, expensive
Takusan – many, a lot, much
Tamago = Egg
Tameni - For
the sake of, to one's advantage (good, benefit)
Tano, Tanomu – To request, to beg, ask
Taosu- To throw down, to beat, to bring down
Tasukeru, tasukete = To help, to save, to rescue,
to give relief to
Tatakai - Fight, battle, struggle, conflict
Tatsu/tate – to Stand
Te = hand
Teki – Enemy, rival
Ten - Heaven
Tennyo = Heavenly nymph, celestial maiden
Tensai – Genius
Tenshi = Angel
Terebi = "Television"
To = And
Toire - Toilet
Toki = Time, or occasion
Toki doki = Sometimes, from time to time
Tokubetsu – Special
Tomodachi = Friend
Tomeru - Stop
Tora = Tiger
Tori – Bird, Birds say “pii pii” or “piyo piyo”
Tori – In the heart, “that’s right”
Totemo = Very
Touzen - Naturally, obviously, of course.
Tsubasa = Wings
Tsugi = Next
Tsukai – To use
Tsukare - Tiredness, fatigue
Tsumari – In other words
Tsumori – Intension, plan, meaning
Tsurai – Painful, heart-breaking
Tsuyoi – Strong, powerful
Uasa – Rumor
Uchi = House
Ue - Above
Ugoku-nai - Don’t move
Uma = Horse
Umai = Yummy, delicious, good
Unmei = Fate
Urayamashii – Envious
Ureshii = Happy, glad, pleasant.
Urusai = Noisy, loud, fussy. The command means, "Be quiet"
Usagi = Rabbit
Uso = A lie, falsehood, incorrect fact.
Usotsuki- A person who lies, a liar.
Utsukushii – Beautiful
Uzai – Annoying
Wai! = Yay!
Wakaru/wakatta/wakarimashita = “To understand", "I understand, I know, I get it"
Wakaranai = "I don't understand, I don't get it”
Wana = Trap
Wanko- Puppy (This word is not used much, “Ko-inu” is more common)
Warai – smile, laugh
Wareware - We
Warui = Bad, inferior
Wasureru/warere/wasereta- to forget, I got.
Watakushi = Formal "I"
Watashi = Standard "I"
Yabai = Miserable, dangerous, "This is bad!"
Yakimochi – Jealous
Yakusoku = Promise, oath
Yama – Mountain
yamazaru = Monkey
Yameru, yamete/yamero = To stop
Yappari = As expected (“Yahari”
Yarou – Bad person, rascal, scoundrel,
mischievous, no principles.
Yaru – To do it
Yatta! ="Hooray!"" "I did it!" and "Yay!"
Yokai! = A message is received and understood-"Roger!"
Yokatta = An _expression of relief, "I'm so glad" or "thank goodness!"
Yoku – Good, well, properly, skilled in
Yomu = To read
Yonde- To call
Yorokonde = With pleasure
Yo se – STOP!
Yoshi! = An exclamation used when readying oneself to take an important action. "Here I come!" "All right (,
then)!" all right, let's go, let's do it!
Youkoso – welcome!
Yowai – Weak
Yuki = Snow
Yuuki - Courage
Yukuri – slowly, at ease
Yume = Dream
Yurusu = To permit, to allow, to approve, to forgive, pardon
Yusha – Hero
Yuurei – Ghost
Zannen – Too bad, bad luck, disappointment.
Zenzen = Wholly, entirely, completely, not at all (neg v)
Zettai! = Absolutely! Definitely! Surly!
1 = ichi 2 = ni
3 = san 4
= shi/yon 5 =
go 6 = roku
7 = shichi/nana
8 = hatchi 9 = kyuu/ku
10 = juu
Numbers 11-19 are done
by juu + [the one's digit 11: juuichi 12: juuni
Regarding umbers greater than
19, it's the number in the tens digit, then "juu",
Followed by the next number; 20 = nijuu