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Japanese A-Z

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It took me over four years to make this.

Not that it take me that long to make one.  I mean this one is special. It has almost every Japanese word I know on it.  So me just adding random words doesn't work.  All these words, i have heard, looked up, asked japanese people about, and loved them.  So now i'll share them with you!

Japanese translation sheet A-Z!

(No “L”, “Q”, “X” or “V”)

 

A

Aa = Yes (informal)

 

Abunai = Dangerous, critical, grave, uncertain, unreliable

 

Ageru- To give

 

Ai – Love

 

Aikawarazu – As usual

Ai Shiteru = I love you (romantic love) “to know love”

Aisatsu – Greeting, salutation

Aiyamaru – Apologize

Akachan – Baby, infant

Akaramete - Give up

Aka(i) – Red

Akirameta – Give up

Amari - Not very, not much, remainder, rest, remnant

Akemashite - omedetou - gozaimasu = Happy New Year

Akeru - To open

Aki – Autamn, fall

Amerika = America

Amerikajin =American (person)

Anata = Formal "you", ("beloved, or dearest" if used between a married couple)

Aneki = Sister

Aneue = Older sister

Aniki = Brother

Aniue = Older brother

Anou = Umm…

Anshin = relief, peace of mind, be at peace, don’t worry           

Ara/are = "Huh?”

Are = "That [over there]" (not near either person)

Arigato = Thank you (informal).

Arigato gozaimasu = Thank you very much (formal)

Asagohan =Breakfast

Ashi = Leg, foot

Ashita – Tomorrow

Asobu – To play, to visit

Asoko = [over] There

Atama = head

Atashi = Informal female "I"

Atarashii – New

Ato = later, after

B

Baai – Case, Situation, “Kono baai ja nai”   “This is no time to…”

Bakaga = Impossible

Bakamono = Stupid person

Bakemono = Monster

Bangohan = Dinner

Bastu – Punishment

Bento = Boxed lunch

Betsu -Different

Betsubara- special

Betsuni = Nothing, not really, not particularly. (Negative phrase)

Bijin = Beautiful woman/girl

Boku = "I" for male youth

Buji – Safe, alright, at peace

Busaiku/ busaiugly, plain looking

Buta – pig

Byouki – Sickness, illness

C

Chan = Suffix for familiar person, It’s a term to address good friends.

Chanto – Perfectly, properly, exactly

Chi = Blood

Chibi = Runt, dwarf, little

Chichi = Father

Chigau = Different, wrong

Chikara = Strength, power

Chikoku – Tardy, tardiness, being late, lateness.  

Chikyuu = Earth (planet)

Chisana = Small

Chotto = A little, a short time, a while, a bit

Chotto matte = "Wait a minute!" “Wait a bit”   (Matte = wait)

D

Daigaku = College

Daijoubu = All right, O.K., Don’t worry, I'm okay, I'll be all right, etc.

Dakara = So, therefore


Dake – Only, just

Dame = Bad, useless, no good, hopeless,

Damaru = To be still, or silent. Damare! = "Shut up! /Silence!"

Damasu = To trick, to cheat, to deceive.

Dare = Who (“donata” is formal)

De gozaimasu – Is used at the end of a sentence in place of desu.

Demo = However, but

Densetsu = Legend, legendary

Deru, dete - To leave

Deshita = "Was/were”

Desu = Is/are/am, the verb “to be”

Denwa bango wa nan desu ka = What is your telephone number?     

Dewa arimasen, ja arimasen = "Isn't/aren't"

Dewa arimasen deshita, ja arimasen deshita = "Wasn't, weren't"

Doite -Move

Doki-doki - A heartbeat

Doko = Where

Domo arigatou gozaimasu = Thank you (most formal)

Don Don – Closer

Dorobou - Thief

Dou – How, in what way,

Dou itashimashite = Your welcome

Doushite = Why?

Douzo = Feel free, go ahead, please (giving permission)

Douzo yoroshiku = Please treat me favorably (well)

Doyoubi = "Saturday" (the day of Saturn, "Dosei", planet of the soil)

E

Eeto... = "Um..." or "erm...”

Eigo = English (language)

Erasoni - Bossy

F

Furo = Bath

Fushigi = Mysterious

Futari - Two people, pair, couple

Futaritomo – Both (people)

Fuyu - Winter

 G

Gaijin = Foreigner

Gaki = Young, immature person.

Gakkou = School

Gakusei = Student

Ganbatte ne, ganbaru = To persist, to insist on, to stand firm “Do your best!”

Genkai - Limit

Genki = Energy, Health(y), robust, vigor, vitality.

Genki da = “Cheer up!”, “be well”, “take care”, etc.

Genki desu-ka = How are you?  Are you doing well?

Getsuyoubi = Monday (the day of the Moon)

_____-go = "_____ language”

Gochisousama! = I'm finished! Thank you for the meal.

Gomen/gomen ne = I’m sorry (informal)         Gomen-nasai = I’m sorry (Formnal)

Guai – Condition, “duai dou desu ka” means, how’s your condition (physical)

Guzuguzu – Slowly, dawdling, Tardily 

H

Ha = Teeth

Hashi – Chopsticks or bridge

Hashiru – To run

Haha = Mother

Hai = Yes (formal)

Hajime = Beginning, start, the first time

Hajimemashite = Nice to meet you (for the first time)

Han, hanbun = half

Hana = Flower, nose

Hanashi = News, account, story

Hanatsu = to free, to release    Hanase = "release me!" or "let me go!" (command)

Hanasu = To speak, to talk

Hara – Stomach

Haru –Spring

Hastukoi - Puppy love, first love.

Hayai = Quick, fast, swift, early.     Hayaku = Early, "hurry up" or "quickly" (command)

Hazukashii – Embarrassed, shy, ashamed

Hebi = Snake, serpent

Heiki – Fine, ok, coolness, calmness, composure, unconcern,

Hen = Weird or strange

Henshin = Transform, change

Heta – unskillful, poor (of skill)

Hetakuso - Extreme clumsiness

Hi = Day, fire, sun

Hidari - Left

Hidoi = severe, mean, cruel, harsh.

Hikari = Light, (glare, gleam, ray)

Himitsu – Secret

Hime(sama) = Princess

Hirugohan = Lunch

Hitotsu – one

Hone - Bone

Honki – Serious

Honmono – Authentic, genuine, “the real thing”

Hontou = Reality, really

Hoshi- Star

Hoshii - Wanted, wished for, in need of, desired

Houhou – Way, method, means

Hito = Man, person

Hitsuji = Sheep

I

 

Ichiban = #1, first, the best, favorite, etc.

Ichi nen sei – First year student

Ii = Good

Iie = No

Iikagen – Right “iikagen ni shiro” means “act right/proper”

Ijiwaru – “meanie” (person), Ijiwarui (object)

Ika nakucha - I have to go.

Ikenai = Oh no! Must not do, don’t do it.

Ikiru – To live

Iku, ikuzo, ikimashou, ikou, iki = To go, "let's go", Shall we go? , let’s go.

Ima = Now

Imi – Meaning

Imouto = younger sister

Inochi = Life.

Inori – Prayer, supplication

Inu = Dog, dogs say “wan wan

Iranai – I don’t want it, I don’t need it.

Iro iro – Various things

Irrashaimase! = Welcome!

Iru – present, presence “Dare ka Iru?” (Who is there?)

Istumo = Always, constantly, ever, etc

Itachi = Wease

Itadakimasu = “Let's eat!” (Formal) [A saying before you eat]

Itai = Hurt; pain; painful.

Itsu = When

Itte-kimasu = "I'm taking off!" or "I'm leaving now!”

Isoide- in a hurry, hasten;”hurry up” “with haste”

J

Jama – Hindrance, in the way.

-Janai/-nai = a suffix, makes a word negative

Ja ne = Cya later

Janken = "Rock, paper, scissors”, the complete phrase is "Janken, Pon!"

Joudan - Joke

Joudan janai ="This is no joke!" or "you've got to be kidding!” etc.

Joudeki – Good performance

Jouhou - Information

Joou-sama – Queen

Jibun = Self, yourself

-jin = "[country] person"    Amerika –jin (American person)

Jikan - Time    (Ji – Hour)

Jitsu wa = "Actually..."

Junbi - Preparation, arrangements, provision, reserve

K

Kaeru – To come back, to return, to go back

Kagami - Mirror

Kage – Shadow

Kaieru – Frog, frogs say “kero kero

Kaijuu – Monster

Kaimashita/ Kaimono- Shopping

Kakkoii! = "Cool!” handsome

Kami = God, hair, paper

Kanarazu – Diffidently

Kano jo - Girl, or girl friend.

Kangaeru - Thinking, thought, ideas, intention

Kankei – Relation, connection     “kankei nai” = “Nothing to do with (me)”

Kanpai – “cheers!” (A toast)

Kansei - Complete, completion

Kao - face

Katsu – To win

Kawa - River

Kawaii = Pretty, cute, lovely, charming,

Kawai sou= "How sad", poor thing

Kawaru, kawata – To change

Kawatta - Particular, unusual, different

Kayoubi = "Tuesday" (the day of Mars, "Kasei", planet of the fire)

Kaze = Wind, “cold” (illness)

Kazoku - Family

Kechi - Cheap, stingy

Kedo = Though, although, but, but still.

 

Ke-ki = Cake

 

Kekkou - splendid, nice, wonderful

 

Kibishii - Severe, strict, stern, intense (cold)

 

Kibou - Hope, wish, aspiration (strong desire, longing)

Kieru, kieta – To disappear, to vanish

Kiken – Danger


K
ikoeru – To hear, to be heard

Kiku = To listen, to ask

Kimeru, kimeta – To decide

Kimi = Standard "you"

Kimochi = Feeling, sensation, mood

Kinyoubi = "Friday" (the day of Venus, "Kinsei", planet of the metal)

Kioku - Memory

Kirei = Pretty, lovely or clean, neat, pure

Kiseki – Miracle

Kitsune = Fox

Kitto = Surely, undoubtedly

Kiosukete = Be careful

Kizu = Wound (physical cut)

Kizuite –To notice

Kochirakoso - It is I who should say so, the pleasure is all mine.

Kodomo = Child

Ko-hi- = Coffee

Koi! = "Come here!” or "Come on!"

Koi – Love, carp

Koibito = Beloved, lover, sweetheart, Dear, wanted, beloved, darling ect.

Koi Shiteru – I love you (romantic love)

Koitsu – This guy

koko = "Here" (near speaker)

Kokoro = Heart, mind, soul

Konbanwa = Good evening (after 5pm)

Koneko = Kitten

Konnichiwa = Hello, good afternoon.

Kore = "This" (near the person speaking)

Kore wa nan desu ka. = "What is this?"

Korosu - to kill

Koshi = Back


Kotaeru/ kotaete = to answer, (answer me)

Kotoba - Words

Kotowaru/ kotowari- to refuse, to decline

Kougeki - Attack, strike, offensive

Kowai = Scared, scary, fear, afraid, frightening

Kubi = Neck, or fired (from a job)

Kudasai = Please

Kui- “to eat”, “Kuimono” = food (guys word)

Ku-ki = Cookie

Kuuki- Air, atmosphere

Kun = It is used for under classman by upperclassman, you can also use this with a boy in your own class. Teachers use it to students, used with boys and girls.

Kurai – Dark, dim, dull

Kuroi - Black

Kuru = To come

Kurushii - Painful, difficult

Kusai - Stench

Kusuri = Medicine

kuyashii - Regrettable, mortifying

Kyou = Today

Kyoudai - Siblings

Kyoushi – Teacher, instructor, professor

Kyoumi – Interest, (kyouminai means “not interested”)

M

Maa maa = so-so, average/ or "Now, now”; a phrase used to placate someone. ;_;

Maboroshi = Illusion

Machigainai = There's no mistake; machigai alone means “mistake”.

Machi-nasai – Wait (formal)

Mada – (not) yet, still

Mahou = Magic

Mae – before, past

Mai – Every

Maigo - Lost

Mainichi = "Everyday"

Majime/maji – Serious, diligent, honest. 

Makaseru = To entrust to another, to entrust to, to leave to, to count on.

Makeru = To lose, to be defeated

Mama – At this rate, as it is now

Mamoru = to protect, to guard, to obey

Manga = Japanese comic book

Mani-atta – On time, in time

Masaka = Can it be? It can't be!

Mata – Again

Matashita = See you tomorrow

Matta ne = See you later

Mattaku = It’s a General _expression of annoyance.

Matte! = Wait!

Mazui -Bad, awkward, unwise

Me = Eye

Megumi, megumu – To bless, blessing, grace

Meieri - Order

Meshi – Meals, food.  Also slang for “meal”

Mezurashii – Rare, unusual.

Mimi = Ear

Minna = Everyone

Miru = "To see/watch"

Mitai! = Look!

Mizu = Water

Modoru/ modote – to return, or “return it”

Mochiron = Of course, without a doubt, certainly, naturally

Mokuyoubi = "Thursday" (the day of Jupiter, "Mokusei", planet of the tree)

Mono – Person, … thing, object.

Mori = Forest.
Moshi = If, supposing

Moshi moshi = Hello, on the phone.

Motto = More

Mou ii = A phrase, means "no more" or "that's enough!"

Moushi-wake (gozaimamen) – Apologies

Mucha – Over do, over work

Muri – Impossible, unreasonable, overdoing it.  

Mushi –Insects, bugs

Musume – Daughter

N

Na, namae = Name

Naisho = Secret (between friends)

Naka = Inside

Naku – To Cry

Nakama – partner, associate, companion

Nakanai = Don't cry

Nandemo – what ever, anything.

Nanimo = Nothing

Nara – If, in that case

Naruhodo = I see

Natsu -Summer

Naze = Extreme “why”

Ne = Right (as in "correct") or “hey!”

Negai - Desire, wish, request, prayer, petition

Neko = Cat (A cat says “nyaa nyaa”)

Nemui- Sleepy

Nemuru, nemu, neru – To sleep

Netsu – Fever, temperature

Nezumi = Mouse, rat

Nichiyoubi = "Sunday" (the day of the Sun)

Nigeru, nigero = To flee, to escape, to run away

Nigi - Right

Nihon = Japan

Nihonjin = "Japanese (person)"

Niku = Meat

Nikuman = Pork buns

Ningen – Human

Ningyou- Doll, puppet, figure

Nioi – Smell

Nisemono – Imposter, fake, false

Nodo = Throat

Nomimono = "Drink(s)”

Nomu = "To drink"

Nastukashi- Nostalgic

O

Obasan = Aunt

Obaasan = Grandmother

Oboeru, oboeta, oboetaru = To remember

Ocha = "Green tea"

Ochitsuite- Calm down

Ohayou-gozaimasu = Good morning

Ohisashiburi = It's been a long time or "long time no see"

Oishii = Tasty, Delicious

Ojisan = Uncle, or "mister"

Ojiisan – Grandfather

Ooji-sama = Prince

Okaasan = Mother.

Okage(de) – Backing, assistance, thanks to you, because of, thanks to

Okami (sama) – Hostess, God

Okane - Money

Okashi = Candy, sweets

Okashii –Strange, weird, funny

Okaeri nasai = Welcome home

Okawari = Second helping

Okiru = To get up

Okotteru- angry

Okyakusan = Guest

Omae = (Casual men's "you")

Omedetou- gozaimasu = Congratulations

Omedetou = Congratulations! An auspicious occasion!

Omoi- Heavy or thought, mind, heart, feelings, emotion

Omoidasu – to remember, to recall

Omoshiroi - Interesting, amusing

Onaji – Same identical, equal

Onegai-shimasu = Please, pretty please (formal)

Onee-san = Older sister

Oni - Ogre

Onigiri= Rice ball

Onii-Chan = Older brother

Onna – Woman

Ookami = Wolf

Ore = (Informal men's "I")

Oroka – Foolish

Osoraku - Perhaps

Otanjoubi- omedetou- gozaimasu =Happy birthday

Oto – Sound

Otoko = Man

Otousan = Father
Otouto = Younger brother

Ou-sama – king

Owari = "The end", finished, done

Oyabun – Boss

Oyaji = "Old man", as in your dad

Oyasumi nasai = Good night formally

P

Pan = Bread

Peko-peko – To be very hungry

Pengin = Penguin

Pika-pika – Glittering, sparkling

R

Rakuen – Paradise

Renshuu – Practice

Risu –Squirrel

Ryu = Dragon

S

 

Saigo – Last

Sagasu – To search

Sakana = Fish, fish say “paku paku

Saki - Under mentioned (statement), or following

Sakura = Cherry blossom

Sakusen – strategy, plan

Saikin- lately

Saitei – The worst, last, scum

Sama = It is a suffix which is used to address someone of a high status whom you show a lot of respect for. Sama would also be used toward royalty, as in Van Sama that’s like “lord van” or a butler would say Matthew Sama it like “Master Matthew”

Samashite- Hang in there! “Me o samashite

 

San =Mr. or Mrs. (suf) it is used with a person you don’t really know; or an older person whom you show respect. When meeting someone new in Japan it’s important to show respect, so using “san” even if you don’t know them well is good. When you get to know them better then you could call them “kun” “Chan” of maybe even there name with out a suffix but you would need permission.

Sasuga – As expected

Sayonara = Good bye, farewell

Sekai - World

Seikai – Correct, right

Seikou - Success

Seiyuu = Voice actor/actress

Sekai - World

Sempai = An older person whom you look up to. (A role model) Senior (at work or school): superior, elder upperclassmen, predecessor. (Essentially someone who has studied or been there before you)

Sensei = Teacher

Senshi – Soldier, warrior

Shaberu = to talk, to chat, to chatter

Shi – city

Shiawase = happiness, good fortune

Shikari-shite = "hang in there! Or "snap out of it!”

Shikashi = However, but,

Shikata ga nai = "No help for it," "No way to avoid it," "Nothing left but to deal with it." Shou ga nai is an abbreviated form

Shinjiru, shinji = to believe, to have faith, to trust

shinka – Evolve

Shinpai = Worry, concern

Shinpan = Judgment

Shiroi - white

Shiru – To know, to understand

Shoujo = Little girl, daughter, young lady, virgin

Shounen = Young boy, juvenile

Shuu – State

Soko = "There [near you]"

Sonna = “That can't be!" or "no way!"

Sore = "That [near you]" (near the person being spoken to)

Soro soro = Soon,

Soretomo – Or, or else

Soshite – And

Soto - Outside

Sou desu ne = Yes it is; "sou sou" can mean "oh yeah", and "sou" on its own can also mean, "yes". Sou nan da is an informal way of saying it. "That's right." or "Let's see...”

Sou ka = Is that so?

Sou ieba = Remembering a certain fact from memory.

Subarashii = Wonderful, splendid, magnificent

Subete – All, the whole, entirely

Sugi – Over doing it, too much, too.

Sugoi = Terrific, amazing, great, wow, terrible,

Sugoku - Very

Suiyoubi = "Wednesday" (the day of Mercury, "Suisei", planet of the water)


Suki = T
o like, to love, to be fond of

Sukinishite/sukinishiro – Do whatever you want.

Sukoshi = A bit, few, slight, little, some, small quantity "to a small degree".

Sukui/sukue- Help, assist, aid.

Sumanai – “I’m sorry”, (guy’s word, Informal)

Sumimasen = “Excuse me!” “Excuse me

Suru = To do

T

Tabemono = "Food(s)"

Taberu = To eat

Tabun = Probably, perhaps

Tadaima = I'm home, I'm back

Tadashii – However, but

Tai – V.S., verses, ageist.

Taihen = Awful, dreadful, terrible,

Taisetsu = Important

Takai = Tall, high, expensive

Takusan – many, a lot, much

Tamago = Egg

Tameni - For the sake of, to one's advantage (good, benefit)

Tano, Tanomu – To request, to beg, ask

Taosu- To throw down, to beat, to bring down

Tasukeru, tasukete = To help, to save, to rescue, to give relief to

Tatakai - Fight, battle, struggle, conflict

Tatsu/tate – to Stand

Te = hand

Teki – Enemy, rival

Ten - Heaven

Tennyo = Heavenly nymph, celestial maiden

Tensai – Genius

Tenshi = Angel

Terebi = "Television"

To = And

Toire - Toilet

Toki = Time, or occasion

Toki doki = Sometimes, from time to time

Tokubetsu – Special

Tomodachi = Friend

Tomeru - Stop

Tora = Tiger

Tori – Bird, Birds say “pii pii” or “piyo piyo

Tori – In the heart, “that’s right”

Totemo = Very

Touzen - Naturally, obviously, of course. 

Tsubasa = Wings

Tsugi = Next

Tsukai – To use

Tsukare - Tiredness, fatigue

Tsumari – In other words

Tsumori – Intension, plan, meaning

Tsurai – Painful, heart-breaking

Tsuyoi – Strong, powerful

U

Uasa – Rumor

Uchi = House

Ue - Above

Ugoku-nai - Don’t move

Uma = Horse 

Umai = Yummy, delicious, good

Unmei = Fate

Urayamashii – Envious

Ureshii = Happy, glad, pleasant.

Urusai = Noisy, loud, fussy. The command means, "Be quiet"

Usagi = Rabbit

Ushi = Cow

Uso = A lie, falsehood, incorrect fact. 

Usotsuki- A person who lies, a liar. 

Utsukushii – Beautiful

Uzai – Annoying

W

Wai! = Yay!

Wakaru/wakatta/wakarimashita = “To understand", "I understand, I know, I get it"

Wakaranai = "I don't understand, I don't get it”

Wana = Trap

Wanko- Puppy (This word is not used much, “Ko-inu” is more common)

Warai – smile, laugh

Wareware - We

Warui = Bad, inferior  

Wasureru/warere/wasereta- to forget, I got.

Watakushi = Formal "I"

Watashi = Standard "I"

 

Y

Yabai = Miserable, dangerous, "This is bad!"

Yakimochi – Jealous

Yakusoku = Promise, oath

Yama – Mountain

yamazaru = Monkey

Yameru, yamete/yamero = To stop

Yappari = As expected  (“Yahari” is formal)

Yarou – Bad person, rascal, scoundrel, mischievous, no principles.

Yaru – To do it

Yatta! ="Hooray!"" "I did it!" and "Yay!"

Yokai! = A message is received and understood-"Roger!"

Yokatta = An _expression of relief, "I'm so glad" or "thank goodness!"

Yoku – Good, well, properly, skilled in

Yomu = To read

Yonde- To call

Yorokonde = With pleasure

Yo se – STOP!

Yoshi! = An exclamation used when readying oneself to take an important action. "Here I come!" "All right (, then)!" all right, let's go, let's do it!

Youkoso – welcome!

Yowai – Weak

Yuki = Snow

Yuuki - Courage

Yukuri – slowly, at ease

Yume = Dream

Yurusu = To permit, to allow, to approve, to forgive, pardon

Yusha – Hero

Yuurei – Ghost

Z

Zannen – Too bad, bad luck, disappointment.

Zenzen = Wholly, entirely, completely, not at all (neg v)

Zettai! = Absolutely! Definitely! Surly!

 

________________________________________________________________________

1 = ichi            2 = ni               3 = san            4 = shi/yon      5 = go      6 = roku     

 7 = shichi/nana          8 = hatchi        9 = kyuu/ku                10 = juu

Numbers 11-19 are done by juu + [the one's digit 11: juuichi 12: juuni

Regarding umbers greater than 19, it's the number in the tens digit, then "juu",

Followed by the next number; 20 = nijuu